Electroplating has many uses ranging from the purely cosmetic to the application of protective coatings. The process, which uses electric current to drive ions towards receptive metal surfaces, is sensitive to multiple key parameters and careful control is crucial to achieving desired plating effects. Several components, including the concentration of ions in the plating bath, [...]
Soil content and quality is a key factor of crop health. Physically, soil material and density affects water infiltration and retention. Chemically, soil pH affects nutrient availability and uptake. Biologically, enzyme content and bacterial content relate to the ability of soil to recycle nutrients and resist disturbance. While some soil characteristics are permanent qualities of [...]
Water based inks for printing have gained traction as an environmentally friendly alternative printing ink. Instead of emitting volatilized chemical solvents, water evaporates from ink leaving behind pigments. Use of water-based inks has been limited due to compatibility with substrate materials, but they are successfully used in a number of applications including printing on paper, [...]
How do you know which industrial pH sensor is the best choice for your application? The number of different industrial combination pH sensors out there can be overwhelming. Before making an industrial pH sensor purchase it is crucial to have an understanding of your application and the conditions the sensor will endure while in use. [...]
In the papermaking process, 99% of water is removed from paper pulp slurry to reveal the 1% of material that comprises paper. As such, the process is extremely water intensive; however, there is a large potential for water reuse. Maximizing reuse of the waste water—termed white water—serves both economical and environmental bottom lines. With only [...]
Teaching pH in Schools and Colleges Chemistry is an important subject taught at schools, colleges and universities all around the world. One component of chemistry that is vitally important is pH — one of the key properties of any substance, which has widespread implications in industrial, pharmaceutical, and other commercial applications, such as food [...]
The Importance of Aquarium Water Quality Like all organisms, the fish and aquatic plants in your aquarium rely on highly specific environments in order to survive. These essential conditions vary from species to species and depend on the environment in which they evolved. Aquarium Water pH pH measures the acidity or alkalinity of water. A [...]
You want a sensor that will provide the best measurement accuracy with the maximum lifetime, but the number of different laboratory pH sensors out there can be overwhelming. Before making a laboratory pH sensor purchase it is crucial to have an understanding of your application and the conditions the sensor will endure while in use. Based on this knowledge you can make a decision on what features are required.